How Does Pregnancy Affect Oral Health?

A woman’s body undergoes many changes during pregnancy, including major effects on oral health. It is a wonderful and transforming journey. The complex interplay of hormonal, physiological, and behavioral changes might impact dental health during this time. 

For expectant moms to maintain the highest level of dental care and guarantee the welfare of both themselves and their developing children, it is essential to understand how pregnancy impacts oral health. The Norco All-on-X® dental implants help ease the adverse effects of pregnancy on oral health. 

Here are a few ways pregnancy can affect oral health: 

  • Pregnancy Gingivitis: 

Estrogen and progesterone levels rise during pregnancy, among other hormonal changes. Pregnancy gingivitis is a condition caused by the gums being impacted by these hormonal changes. The gums may become more sensitive, swollen, and prone to inflammation as a result of increased hormone production. In particular, when brushing or flossing, pregnant women may notice that their gums appear red and puffy and may bleed readily.

  • Increased Risk of Periodontal Disease: 

Pregnancy-related gingivitis can develop into periodontal disease, a more serious form of gum disease, if not treated. Pregnant women are more prone to gum infections because hormonal changes affect how the body reacts to oral bacteria. Inflammation and infection of the tissues are symptoms of gum disease. Gum disease is characterized by inflammation and infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth. 

  • Dental Decay: 

Cravings throughout pregnancy may have an effect on your oral health. Many pregnant women start to crave sweet or acidic foods and drinks. Snacking on these foods frequently can contribute to plaque accumulation, a sticky film of germs on the teeth, especially if dental hygiene procedures are not strictly adhered to. Dental decay or cavities are caused by the acids that the bacteria in plaque create, which damage tooth enamel.

  • Morning sickness and tooth erosion: 

Morning sickness, a typical pregnancy symptom, can also have an impact on oral health. Vomiting frequently or exposing one’s teeth to stomach acid can erode the protective enamel on the teeth. This erosion can lead to tooth sensitivity, an increased risk of cavities, and even changes in tooth color.

  • Pregnancy Tumors (Pyogenic Granulomas):  

Even though they are uncommon, some pregnant women may experience growths on their gums, referred to as pregnancy tumors or pyogenic granulomas. These lumps, often red, bloated, and painless throughout the second trimester, are not malignant. They are not hazardous, although they can be uncomfortable and have a tendency to bleed quickly. However, thought to be caused by hormonal changes, pregnancy tumors often go away after giving birth.

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