The eyes are the most valuable organ of the body. Since maintaining healthy eyesight is significant, you must have complete knowledge about the different types of eye problems in a human being. Some of them can be treated with Glasses & Contacts, while some require medical help.
Let’s have a closer look at these common eye problems:
Cataracts often occur in old age. In this Eye Problem, the lens in the eye becomes cloudy and milky. The problem may take place due to UV exposure, injury, or reduction of protein in the body. It is the fundamental reason why clouds start developing in the lens of the eye. If you do not treat it on time, it may lead to vision loss. Surgery is the best option to treat this problem.
Glaucoma is a grave eye illness in which the optic nerve of the eye is damaged. This disease builds up due to the increase in eye pressure that starts to worsen with time. The damage in the optic nerve sends images to the brain. If left untreated for a long time, it may lead to permanent vision loss. Therefore, it is advisable to check in with your doctor regularly as this Eye Problem does not show any pain or symptoms. To treat glaucoma, doctors conduct surgery or prescribe eye drops to the patient.
Generally, the cornea of the eye is in the shape of a dome. Often, the collagen weakens inside the cornea, which leads to a change in shape. The cornea of the eye turns into a cone shape. Thus, it is known as keratoconus. You may have to undergo a cornea transplant if you have lost eye vision completely. If the keratoconus is in the early stage, the doctor may start the treatment with Glasses & Contacts.
4. Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy is another eye condition that may occur in people with high blood sugar with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. The high sugar level in the body may change the blood vessels on the backside of the eye. It prevents the eye from maintaining the right amount of vision. The risk of Diabetic Retinopathy depends on the type of diabetes, fluctuation in blood sugar, control in sugar level, and the period of the disease. In such a case, laser surgery, also known as laser photocoagulation, can prevent the blood vessels from losing significant vision in the eye.
5. Dry Eyes
Dry eyes are an Eye Problem in which the tear glands stop producing enough tears or produce low-quality tears. It is highly uncomfortable and causes burning and itching. The doctor treats the problem of dry eyes with a prescribed humidifier in your home. He may also prescribe eye drops that revive the real eyes.
Floaters refer to the specks that move across the area of vision. Although it is not problematic, it can cause serious problems like retinal detachment when not treated early. You must visit your doctor if you feel some specs that come in between your eyes.